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Morroco Africa

Morocco is shaped by the people who live in it. Peasants, merchants, philosophers and rulers all contribute in their own way to form a culture. On the soil of today's Morocco, many cultures have mixed and influenced each other over the centuries.

The original population of Morocco is the Berbers. Traditionally, they lived as sedentary peasants or pulling nomads. Their clay-built villages and strongholds in the High Atlas, a mountain range in the south of the country, have inspired the imagination of many visitors.
Thus, the backdrop of the village of Ksar Aït Ben Haddou is exactly what Europeans imagine when they think of the Orient at biblical times. No wonder Hollywood has also discovered this landscape. Here, among other things, scenes from the films "Alexander", "Gladiator" and "Kingdom of Heaven" were shot.

The Entry of Islam: The Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Romans had built colonies and trading bases along the coasts of Morocco. In the course of the spread of Islam in the eighth century, Arab troops conquered the region. From then on they were the most important force for the cultural development of the country. Their palaces and mosques are today one of the most imposing buildings in Morocco. Although the Berbers were able to largely assert their cultural identity in the country, the Arabs brought them Islam, to which 99 per cent of the Moroccans now admit.

The Moroccan population today consists of about one-third of Berber. Divided into about 300 tribal groups, they settle mainly in the mountainous regions of the High and Middle Atlas as well as the Rif. In addition, there is another third Arab Berber. These live in the cities of the north. Over the centuries, they have mixed with the immigrant Arab population and have largely taken over their culture and language. 
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