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Helsinki Finland

Helsinki (Swedish: Helsingfors) is the capital and largest city in Finland.

Helsinki was founded in 1550 by the Swedish king Gustav Vasa as trading center, which was to compete with the Estonian Tallinn. When Finland was annexed by Russia in 1809, the government seat of the new Grand Duchy of Finland was moved from Turku to Helsinki three years later. The Tsar wanted the new capital to appear in full glory. Two architects, the Finnish Finn Johan Albrecht Ehrenström and the Carl Ludwig Engel from Germany, were commissioned to redesign the city in the empiric style. Built in 1852, the cathedral, the city's landmark, was designed by the latter.

Finland's seaside capital boasts modern cuisine, innovative star restaurants and traditional, local products such as reindeer, cranberries and mushrooms. Or stroll comfortably over Helsinkis market at the harbor and buy the fish directly from the cutter.

Do not miss out on the classics of Finnish bakery art: the national specialty Runebergin torttu is a small chick with sugar and raspberry jam. This treat is named after the Finnish national poet Johan Ludvig Runeberg.
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